From Highlands to Homecoming: Chapter Notes, Bibliography and Timeline by Margaret P.

by Margaret P.

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Chapter Notes

Chapter 1     From Highlands

1.            Scottish naming patterns as they affect this story:

First son is named for the Father’s Father.
Second son is named for the Mother’s Father.
First daughter is named for the Mother’s Mother.

If a child dies in infancy, his or her name is often given to a subsequent child – a natural consequence of the high birth rate and infant mortality rates of past times.

2.            A ‘bonnet laird’ is a small landowner: Wikipedia says “Historically, the term ‘bonnet laird’ was applied to rural, petty landowners, as they wore a bonnet like the non-landowning classes. Bonnet lairds filled a position in society below lairds and above husbandsmen (farmers), similar to the yeomen of England.”

3.            I made up the name for the Lancer farm in Scotland. I believe ‘Glenbeath’ means valley of birches.

4.            Duchess of Argyle was a real ship and during the 1840s transported many hopeful young emigrants away from Scotland.

Chapter 2     All at Sea

1.            Duchess of Argyle was a real ship and Captain Livingston was its captain in 1842 when the barque transported Scottish emigrants to Auckland, New Zealand. The appointment of constables and the library for their use are mentioned in the log of that voyage. Other aspects of emigrant ship’s rules and conditions have been gleaned from a variety of Internet sources concerning similar ships of the day. I do not know if the ‘Duchess’ ever sailed to Boston; I borrowed it for the purposes of this story.

2.            In 1834 a young law student, Richard Dana, sailed from Boston to California, by way of Cape Horn.  Six years later he published an account of his experiences, Two Years before the Mast.  He described California as a beautiful land with mountains, pleasant sunny weather and a lack of people.  According to Dana, those that were there did not seem to understand the great potential of the region. 

3.            Murdoch sits down to read the Iliad again many years later in Cut the Wolf Loose, Series 2, Episode 6.

4.            ‘The Wreck of the Hesperus’ was a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in Ballads and Other Poems, 1841. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet and educator whose works include “Paul Revere’s Ride”, The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.

Chapter 3     Bonnie Prince Charlie

No notes

Chapter 4     In America Now

No notes

Chapter 5     The Business of Land

1.            In 1834 a young law student, Richard Dana, sailed from Boston to California, by way of Cape Horn.  Six years later he published an account of his experiences, Two Years before the Mast.  He described California as a beautiful land with mountains, pleasant sunny weather and a lack of people.  According to Dana, those that were there did not seem to understand the great potential of the region. 

2.            A pure finder was someone who collected dog faeces to sell to the tanneries, which used it as a siccative for bookbinding leather. Boston was active in the hide trade from California so it is logical that pure finders, usually old women or children, searched the streets of that city.

Chapter 6     A Series of Meetings

1.            The Liberator (1831-1865) was an abolitionist newspaper founded in Boston by William Lloyd Garrison.

Chapter 7     A Novel Encounter

No notes

Chapter 8     Common Ground

1.            Julia Ward Howe (May 27, 1819 – October 17, 1910) was a prominent American abolitionist, social activist and poet. She wrote the ‘Battle Hymn of the Republic’. Born in New York, she visited Boston in 1841 and in 1843 married Samuel Gridley Howe, a physician and reformer, who founded the Perkins School for the Blind in Boston.

2.            Come a Riddle is thought to be an old Music Hall song from the early 1900s, but it could be older. As its words do not date, I decided to use it for this story. The lyrics in the story are as it is sung by my family. There are variations. If you are interested, an old lady sings a version with the same tune on Utube at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e2PIGJQKolM   .

Chapter 9     Boston Times

1.            Jim Harper features in Juniper’s Camp, Series 1, Episode 21.

Chapter 10   Letters to Catherine          

1.            Monterey was the centre of government in California under Mexican rule.

2.            ‘Si Dios quiere el viaje me llevará a casa’ means ‘God willing this journey will take me home’.

Chapter 11   Early Days

No notes

Chapter 12   The Season of Goodwill

1.            Dana, Richard H. Jnr. Two Years Before The Mast. Harper and Brothers, 1840.

2.            Davis, William Heath. Seventy-Five Years in California. San Francisco: J. Howell, 1929.

Chapter 13   Luck Runs Out

No notes

Chapter 14   The Tide Turns

1.            Catherine Garrett Lancer features or is mentioned in The Homecoming (Pilot movie), The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 and Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10.

2.            Jim Harper features in Juniper’s Camp, Series 1, Episode 21.

3.            Harlan Garrett features in Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10.

Chapter 15   The Great Escape

No notes

Chapter 16   Love and Honour

No notes

Chapter 17   Good to be Home

1.            Dana, Richard H. Jnr. Two Years Before The Mast. Harper and Brothers, 1840.

2.            Davis, William Heath. Seventy-Five Years in California. San Francisco: J. Howell, 1929.

Chapter 18   Catherine

1.            Maria features in various episodes as the Lancer’s housekeeper or cook.

2.            Yerba Buena is the old name for San Francisco.

3.            Cipriano features in The Homecoming (pilot movie) and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1.

4.            Jud Haney features in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

Chapter 19   Jud Haney

1.            Jake Mendoza sold his ranch to the Acme Land Company in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

2.            Jud Haney features in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

Chapter 20   God Giveth and…

1.            Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10 forms the basis of this chapter and readers will recognise that Esther Carter’s speech has been borrowed directly from that TV episode. In the main I have kept to canon and worked around it, filling in the gaps and sometimes presenting a different perspective to that given by the characters in Legacy. The only actual break with canon is Devil’s Canyon. In Legacy Murdoch says he was riding through the badlands, but my research indicated there were no badlands anywhere in the vicinity. As there was no logical reason for the characters to ride far enough south for Murdoch to encounter actual badlands and as in the TV episode the terrain did not look like badlands, I decided to invent a rugged canyon instead.

For those who question my choice to have them ride for Sutter’s Fort and then to have Murdoch catch up with Garrett and Scott before they left for Boston, all I can say is that I do not consider this version of events to break with canon. Fans have formed strongly held beliefs based on snippets of information provided the TV script writers, but never does it say Murdoch did not see his son before Scott went to Boston. When telling a story twenty-five years on or hearing it over a hundred years on, we often blur the detail and impose our own perceptions. My view is that we heard parts of the story from Harlan the way he remembered it and parts from Murdoch the way he remembered it. Both were over-tired and emotional at the time, and both had reasons to tell their listeners a story that lent sympathy to themselves. They told their stories in terms their listeners would understand, e.g. by 1871 no one talked of Yerba Buena and Sutter’s Fort. To avoid explanation, it was just easier to say San Francisco and Sacramento. There were also several apparent inconsistencies and a great deal of the story was never told—until now.

2.            Sutter’s Fort was the hub of the New Helvetia (New Switzerland) estate owned by John Sutter, and was founded in 1839. It was the first non-Native American Community in the California Central Valley.  Sutter’s Fort marked the western end to the California and Siskiyou Trails. It was the first port of call for migrants entering California overland through the Sierra Nevada. The fort was abandoned after the discovery of gold and was effectively swallowed up by the new carefully-designed town of Sacramento.

3.            Yerba Buena was a small settlement on the shore of San Francisco Bay. It was renamed San Francisco on 30 January, 1847. Also, there was a trading post and its proprietor was a man called Richardson.

4.            Other episodes providing detail for this chapter include the pilot movie The Homecoming or The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 (abridged version of the pilot) and Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

5.            I chose December 19th as Scott’s birth date, because it is the date of birth of Wayne Maunder, the actor who brought him to life.

Chapter 21   Grief and Anger

1.            This chapter refers to events and characters appearing in Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10 or Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

2.            Sutter’s Fort was the hub of the New Helvetia (New Switzerland) estate owned by John Sutter, and was founded in 1839. It was the first non-Native American Community in the California Central Valley.  Sutter’s Fort marked the western end to the California and Siskiyou Trails. It was the first port of call for migrants entering California overland through the Sierra Nevada. The fort was abandoned after the discovery of gold and was effectively swallowed up by the new carefully-designed town of Sacramento.

3.            Yerba Buena was a small settlement on the shore of San Francisco Bay. It was renamed San Francisco on 30 January, 1847. Also, there was a trading post and its proprietor was a man called Richardson.

Chapter 22   Revival

1.            Jay McKillen and reference to Murdoch’s time in the Colorados appears in The Great Humbug, Series 1, Episode 20.

2.            Sutter’s Fort was the hub of the New Helvetia (New Switzerland) estate owned by John Sutter, and was founded in 1839. It was the first non-Native American Community in the California Central Valley.  Sutter’s Fort marked the western end to the California and Siskiyou Trails. It was the first port of call for migrants entering California overland through the Sierra Nevada. The fort was abandoned after the discovery of gold and was effectively swallowed up by the new carefully-designed town of Sacramento.

3.            The wagon train Murdoch and Jay encountered travelling through the Sierra Nevada is fictitious or not depending on your preference. If you choose, you could believe it to be the infamous Donner Party, who spent the winter of 1846-47 snowbound in the Sierra Nevada and resorted to cannibalism to survive.

Chapter 23   Reunion

1.            On July 7, 1846 US Navy Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States during the Mexican-American War. Two days later US Navy Captain John Berrien Montgomery and US Marine Second Lieutenant Henry Bulls Watson of the USS Portsmouth arrived to claim Yerba Buena by raising the American flag over the town plaza, which is now Portsmouth Square in honour of the ship.  On July 31, 1846, Yerba Buena doubled in population when 240 Mormon migrants from the East coast arrived. In August, 1846 Lieutenant Washington Allon Bartlett was named alcade of Yerba Buena. On January 30, 1847 Lieutenant Bartlett’s proclamation changing the name from Yerba Buena to San Francisco took effect.

Chapter 24   Matamoros

1.            Peninsulares were Spanish-born Spaniards residing in the Americas.

2.            ‘Me ecanta. Gracias.’ means ‘I love it. Thank you.’

3.            ‘Suéltame, cerdo’ means ‘Let go, pig.’

4.            ‘Largarse’ means ‘scram’ or ‘bugger off.’

5.            ‘No estamos en busca de problemas, señor’ means ‘We are not looking for trouble, mister.’

Chapter 25   New Beginning

No notes

Chapter 26   Discovery

1.            Gold was discovered in the American River at Sutter’s Mill, New Helvetia, California on 24 January, 1848. In March San Francisco newspaper publisher and merchant Samuel Brannan announced the discovery publicly. The news reached New York by August and was officially acknowledged by President James Polk in Congress on 5 December.

2.            ‘hombres groseros’ means ‘boorish men’.

Chapter 27   December 23rd

1.            I chose December 23rd as Johnny’s birth date, because it is the date of birth of James Stacy, the actor who brought him to life.

Chapter 28   Surprising Developments

1.            The old guardhouse features in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5.

2.            California Hill was the pre-1850s name for Nob Hill.

Chapter 29   The Boom

1.            The ball in San Francisco is make-believe; however, most of the other aspects of this chapter that sound like historical fact are actual events or attitudes of the time.

2.            Greenspan jewellers were mentioned in The Little Darling of the Sierras Series 2, Episode 12.

3.            Murdoch put his back out again in Devil’s Blessing Series 1, Episode 26.

Chapter 30   Ups and Downs

1.            ‘A Visit from St Nicholas’ was written by an American author, Clement Clarke Moore, in 1823.

2.            Don Contanado is mentioned in Devil’s Blessing, Series 1, Episode 26.

3.            Murdoch told Teresa that her father suffered short-term blindness after drinking from a bad water-hole in Death Bait, Series 1, Episode 14. Unfortunately I could not find anything to support the idea of temporary blindness from bad water. I did eventually discover that cacti called euphoria could cause this complaint if its milky latex came in contact with the eyes. I have done my best to combine canon with reality.

4.            Jud Haney appears in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16

5.            Joe Barker appears in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5.

6.            ‘Estúpido gringo’ means ‘Stupid North American.’ ‘Mi marido’ means ‘My husband.’ ‘Deténgase! Por favour…’ means ‘Stop! Please…’ and ‘Niño travieso’ means ‘You naughty boy.’

7.            ‘Split drawers’ was the early name for bloomers. The word ‘bloomers’ did not come in until the 1850s. The crucial aspect of this underwear was that each leg was finished separately and joined together at the waist band. The crotch seam was left open, but crafted so there was a bit of an overlap. Split drawers usually had a drawstring at the waist and tied or button at the centre back or front.

Chapter 31   One Down

1.            See Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10 for the scene at the Garrett mansion.

Chapter 32   Two to Go

1.            Angel O’Brien features in Angel Day and Her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19.

2.            Joe Barker features in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5. He and Murdoch are said to have known each other 20 years before and the way Murdoch talks to Joe in 1870 implies he knew Maria. It was, therefore, essential to bring him in early enough for that. It was impractical, however, to cover other canon information about Murdoch’s relationship with Joe Barker at the same time. Hence Joe Barker will reappear at a later date.

3.            Jud Haney features in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

4.            Cleve Harper of San José is mentioned in Glory, Series 1, Episode 10.

5.            The Homecoming (Pilot)/The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 provides the canon information about Maria leaving Murdoch. If taken literally, Maria leaves about two years after their marriage, but that did not make sense in relation to other aspects of canon. Murdoch goes to get Scott when his son is five years old as per Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10. Logically Murdoch went for him when he had a stable home life not after just after losing his wife and younger son. The age difference between Scott and Johnny appears consistently to be about three years. Ultimately I chose to treat the ‘two year’ comment flexibly, first making it two years after Johnny’s birth rather than his conception, and then because I’d opted to stick with the actors actual birth dates and have the two boys birthdays both in December, it was convenient to make that ‘two years’ a rather vague timeframe. Certain situations and feelings needed time to develop in order to make sense to me. Consequently in this story Johnny is about two and a half when he and his mother leave. I consider this to be stretching rather than breaking with canon, and hopefully doing so will not upset anyone unduly.

Chapter 33   Gone but Not Forgotten

1.            Juan Contanado of Sonora is mentioned in Devil’s Blessing, Series 1, Episode 26.

2.            Jud Haney features in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16.

3.            Joe Barker features in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 4.

4.            Marcy Adams (Dane) features in The Prodigal, Series 1, Episode 7

5.            Paul O’Brien features in The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 and is mentioned in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16 and Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19.

6.            Angel O’Brien (Day) features in Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19

Chapter 34   Searching

1.            Juan Contanado is mentioned in Devil’s Blessing, Series 1, Episode 26. Also mentioned, is that Murdoch had in the past travelled through most of the border towns between El Paso and San Diego. He did not answer Johnny’s question as to how many years ago, but this canon supports the view that Murdoch searched for his son himself for some time.

2.            “Te acuerdas de una señora mexicana con un niño que viaja con un hombre blanco hace unos meses?” means “Do you remember a Mexican lady and child travelling with a white man a few months ago.”

3.            Maria’s cousin Luisa is mentioned in my earlier story The Beginning, a back story for Johnny.

El Paso del Norte is the old name for Ciudad Juarez, which lies on the opposite side of the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas.

4.            Paul O’Brien features in The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 and is mentioned in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16 and Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19.

5.            Angel O’Brien (Day) features in Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19

Chapter 35   Old Friends and New

1.            Don Baldermero appears in the pilot movie The Homecoming and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1.

2.            Marcy Adams (Dane) features in The Prodigal, Series 1, Episode 7

3.            Aggie Conway features and Henry Conway is mentioned in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

4.            Isidro and Gaspar both appear in in the pilot movie The Homecoming and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1.

5.            Walt (older man) appears in Junipers Camp, Series 1, Episode 21.

6.            ‘Remember it’s not the cattle drive that separates the men from the boys, it’s the town at the end’ and of course ‘Cut the wolf loose’ are Murdoch quotes from Cut the Wolf Loose, Series 2, Episode 6.

Chapter 36   Women Troubles

1.            Marcy Adams (Dane) features in The Prodigal, Series 1, Episode 7

2.            Aggie Conway features and Henry Conway is mentioned in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

3.            Paul O’Brien features in The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 and is mentioned in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16 and Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19.

4.            Angel O’Brien (Day) features in Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19

Chapter 37   New Orleans

1.            The gambler’s erotic match safe is mentioned in my back story for Johnny, The Beginning.

Chapter 38   The Chase

1.            Brownsborough became Kerrville, Texas in 1856. Prior to that shingle-making was its primary industry.

Chapter 39   Life Goes On

1.            Marcy Dane nee Adams feature in The Prodigal, Series 1, Episode 7.

2.            Dolph Cramer is mentioned and Elizabeth Cramer features in Goodbye Lizzie, Series 2, Episode 23.

3.            Paul O’Brien features in The Homecoming (pilot) and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 and is mentioned in Yesterday’s Vendetta, Series 1, Episode 16 and in Angel Day and Her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19.

Chapter 40   Changing Times

1.            The Vallejo family were the original owners of the disputed land in The Last Train for Charlie Poe, Series 1, Episode 9.

Chapter 41   Staying Silent

1.            In Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, Series 1, Episode 19 Teresa asks Murdoch why he had pretended her mother was dead and even let her put flowers on what she had thought was Angel’s grave. He replies: “…I didn’t want to lie to you darling…you see every day since your father died has been a challenge for me to try and get for you everything that’s right and good. Paul wanted it that way and so do I.”

2.            Dolph Cramer and stage hold ups are mentioned in Goodbye Lizzie, Series 2, Episode 23.

3.            Cedar Canyon was the location of the prison farm in The Experiment, Series 2, Episode 18.

4.            The American School for the Deaf, Hartford, Connecticut was founded in 1817. There was no equivalent school in California until 1869.

Chapter 42   Abilene

1.            Joe Barker featured in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5. I have kept to canon in every respect except that I have made his sojourn in Abilene eleven years earlier not twenty. This was because Abilene did not exist twenty years before. Abilene, Texas did not exist until 1881 and the town in Kansas did not take the name Abilene until 1860—see below. In The Lawman, however, Joe remembers Maria and Johnny from long ago. I introduced Joe back in Chapter 30 to fit in with that.

2.            Mud Creek, Kansas was re-named Abilene in 1860. The bit about the governor is made up, although I suppose it could be true. My main reason for not setting this episode in 1860 was that it was already very late for Murdoch to be a deputy and having played fast and loose with the time as mentioned in The Lawman, I did not want to do the same to timeframes mentioned in The Experiment. In 1867 the Kansas Pacific Railway (Union Pacific) pushed westward through Abilene and put in a switch enabling cattle cars to be loaded and sent on to their destination.  Abilene grew rapidly and became the very first ‘cowtown’ of the west. By 1871 more than 5000 cowboys herded over 700,000 head of cattle through the town. Between 1867-1871 Abilene marked the end of the Chisholm Trail, the main route for cattle drives from Texas. After that time, railroads built further south began to takeover, but during those five years Abilene was the town described in this story. Unfortunately the scriptwriters of Lancer had little regard for history when they referred to twenty years ago and Abilene in The Lawman. In this case I have chosen to follow their lead and fudge history to keep as close as possible to canon. See above.

3.            I was asked why Joe did not send Murdoch a telegram instead of a letter. It is so easy to forget history when we write and read, but I wanted to be historically accurate as far as canon allowed. Joe could not send Murdoch a telegram, because the transcontinental telegraph link was not completed until 1861.

4.            Nate Benedict features in The Experiment, Series 2, Episode 18. In that episode Murdoch tells Johnny that the idea for the prison farm “started with a dream that Nate Benedict and I had years ago when we were both deputies. You see we had seen so many kids who had made only one mistake that had turned into hardened criminals after only a couple of years in prison….” There was never any mention of Joe Barker in The Experiment, but unless Murdoch had more than one job as deputy, Nate had to be deputy to Joe Barker as well.

5.            In The Measure of a Man, Series 1, Episode 25 Murdoch says in 1870-71 to Ben Cameron “I can still see your father striding down the streets of Tombstone, one hand a stone fist and in the other holding a reading primer.” Unfortunately, the famous Western town of Tombstone, Arizona did not exist until 1879. Consequently, I decided to put Ben Cameron’s father (never named) in Abilene with Joe Barker.

6.            Some of Johnny’s history as described in this chapter was originally presented in The Beginning, a back story for Johnny that I wrote in 2013. It is archived in all the usual places for anyone who would like to read it.

Chapter 43   The Grand Finale

1.            Godfrey Evans features and his wife, Annabel, is mentioned in The Little Darling of the Sierras, Series 2, Episode 12.

2.            Nate Benedict features in The Experiment, Series 2, Episode 18.

3.            Joe Barker features in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5.

4.            Teacher Cameron is mentioned in The Measure of a Man, Series 1, Episode 25.

Chapter 44   Robbery and Reports

1.            Nate Benedict featured in The Experiment, Series 2, Episode 18.

2.            Aggie Conway features and husband Henry is mentioned in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

3.            Illinois Central Railroad is a real company that did indeed employ the Pinkerton Agency for the purposes stated. Henry Conway was not, however, one of its directors.

4.            The Pinkerton Agency was founded in Chicago in 1850 as a law enforcement agency. In 1855 it specialised in railroad shipment security. In February, 1861 Allan Pinkerton uncovered and foiled an assassination plot on the life of Abraham Lincoln.

5.            Don Baldermero features in The Homecoming and in The Highriders, Series I, Episode 1.

6.            Dolph Cramer is mentioned and his wife, Elizabeth, features in Lizzie, Series 2, Episode 23.

7.            Doc Mort (first name not given) was the doctor in Morro Coyo, who identified botulism, in The Splinter Group, Series 2, Episode 19. Little Willie Otis died in that episode. Willie’s father is not mentioned, but I decided he had one called Bert.

8.            Doc Jenkins (first name not given but fanon says Sam) features in Jelly, Series 1, Episode 8.

Carly Johnson loses his ranch to land grabbers in The Shadow of a Dead Man, Series 2, Episode 13.

9.            Cleve Harper of San José is mentioned in Glory, Series 1, Episode 10.

10.          Donald Murphy is the name on the Quit Claim in Cabot Springs that Murdoch sends Johnny to sell in The Shadow of a Dead Man, Series 2, Episode 13.

11.          Tim Phillips and Clem Carven feature as Murdoch’s cattlemen friends in The Prodigal, Series 1, Episode 7.

Chapter 45   Human and Mother Nature

1.            Elizabeth (Lizzie) and Jenny Cramer feature and Dolph Cramer is mentioned in Lizzie, Series 2, Episode 23.

2.            Sacramento became California’s state capital in 1854, although that status was not confirmed as permanent until 1879. Under Mexican government the capital of California had been Monterey. From 1849 to 1854 Monterey, San Jose, Vallejo and Benicia all had a turn serving as the capital.

3.            The Great Flood of 1862 was the largest flood in the recorded history of California, Oregon and Nevada. If you want to learn more, you can start with the link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_of_1862

Chapter 46   Loss

1.            This chapter incorporates events described more fully in my backstory for Johnny entitled The Beginning, 2013. That story can be found archived in all the normal places for anyone who would like to read it.

2.            The land at Cabot Springs features in The Shadow of a Dead Man, Series 2, Episode 13.

3.            Murdoch tells Jelly and his sons in The Lorelei, Series 2, Episode 16 that he made an agreement with the mine owner seven years before. Whoever worked it “could drill it, pick it, crush it, sluice it, but no blasting.”

4.            The First Corps of Cadets were a Boston militia. If you want to read more about it, start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Corps_of_Cadets_(Massachusetts). The Corps was made up of ‘well-educated and intelligent young men’ and furnished several Union Army volunteer regiments with officers.

5.            Colonel Grierson and his cavalry raid was a famous part of the Vicksburg campaign. You can read more about the raid at http://www.historynet.com/griersons-raid-during-the-vicksburg-campaign.htm or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grierson’s_Raid and more about the campaign as a whole at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vicksburg.

6.            In The Escape, Series 1, Episode 12 we learn that Scott was at Vicksburg with Jed Lewis. Scott was at least in the latter part of the war in the 83rd Regiment, second in command to Lieutenant Cassidy. They and sixteen men, including Jed Lewis’s brother, spent a year in a Confederate prison camp together.

7.            Harper’s Weekly published 1857-1916, was an American political magazine based in New York. It was the most widely read journal in the United States during the American Civil War. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harper’s_Weekly.

8.            Aggie Conway features and husband, Henry, is mentioned in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

9              In The Homecoming (Pilot)/The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1 we learn Scott served under General Philip Sheridan. If you want to read more about Sheridan and the Battle of Yellow Tavern you can start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Sheridan.

10.          If you want to learn more about the highs and lows of the cattle industry in California between the 1840s to 1880s you could start with this excellent summary on the Monterey County Historical Society website: http://www.mchsmuseum.com/cattle.html.

11.          Murdoch attempting to get the railroad spur constructed by Acme Land closer to Lancer was mentioned in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

12.          For more about Belle Isle prison camp start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_Isle_(Virginia)

13.          Juan Contanado was mentioned in Devils Blessing, Series 1, Episode 26.

14.          The Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul the Apostle is celebrated by the Catholic Church on 25 January.

Chapter 47   Longwei

1.            I created the character of Zhang Longwei for a short story I wrote in 2013 called Beautiful Wind. In that story set in 1870 I say Murdoch and Longwei met six years earlier when due to a strange set of circumstances they were stranded in the badlands and helped each other survive. It seemed only right that I clarify those circumstances in this story. Anyone wanting to read Beautiful Wind will find it archived in all the normal places.

Chapter 48   1865

1.            Harlan Garrett features in Legacy, Series 2, Episode 10

2.            Brooks, Noah: The Murder of President Lincoln, Sacramento Daily Union, April 16, 1865.

See also http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/04/15/the-murder-of-president-lincoln.html

3.            Belle Isle was a Confederate prison during the American Civil War. Its prisoners were officially liberated on 3 April, 1865, but I have no actual knowledge of how long it took for prisoners to be assisted and returned home. Anyone wishing to research further can, however, start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_Isle_(Richmond,_Virginia)

4.            Godfrey and Penny Rose Evans feature and Annabel Evans is mentioned in The Little Darling of the Sierras, Series 2, Episode 1

Chapter 49   Coming of Age

1.            Belle Isle was a Confederate prison during the American Civil War. Its prisoners were officially liberated on 3 April, 1865, but I have no actual knowledge of how long it took for prisoners to be assisted and returned home. Anyone wishing to research further can, however, start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_Isle_(Richmond,_Virginia)   

2.            Miller and Lux were a real company. See http://www.mchsmuseum.com/cattle.html for more information.

3.            Acme Land was the company owned by Buck Addison in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

4.            Learn more about Mark Twain and his 1866 lecture tour at: http://www.salon.com/2014/03/22/how_mark_twain_became_mark_twain_the_amazing_story_of_the_lectures_that_made_him_a_superstar/

5.            For more about Beadle Dime novels start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dime_novel .

6.            Darne Rodgers was the rancher hosting the cattle auction, to which Murdoch invited Buck Addison in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

Chapter 50   Worsening Times

1.            Aggie Conway features in The Rivals, Series 2, Episode 24.

2.            Learn more about the shooting of Thurstan Cole by Johnny Madrid in my story The Beginning, 2013.

3.            Joe Barker featured in The Lawman, Series 1, Episode 5.

4.            Don Baldermero, the later events of this chapter and some of the dialogue are taken from the pilot movie, The Homecoming, and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1.

Chapter 51   Highriders

1.            Most of the events and much of the dialogue for this chapter is taken from the pilot movie, The Homecoming, and The Highriders, Series 1, Episode 1.

2.            To find out more about Murdoch’s nightmare read a story I wrote in 2013 entitled What If…?

3.            To learn more about the background of Day Pardee read my story Five Facts for Day Pardee, 2014.

Chapter 52   To Homecoming

1.            Most of the characters and events and much of the dialogue in this chapter have been taken directly from To Chase A Wild Horse, Series 1, Episode 3.

2.            Ben Wallis and Morgan Price feature in Blood Rock, Series 1, Episode 2.

3.            To find out more about Murdoch’s nightmare read a story I wrote in 2013 entitled What If…?

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Bibliography:

Dana, Robert: Two Years Before The Mast

Davis, William Heath. Seventy-Five Years in California. San Francisco: J. Howell, 1929.

Google Research

Migration and Empire 1830–1939

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Timeline

DateIncluded in story or Background development for the story or Event in HistoryCanon ReferenceChapter reference or Another of my stories
16 April, 1746Jean Lancret, a French supporter of Bonnie Prince Charlie was killed at Battle of Culloden, east of Inverness. His wife of less than six months, Ailsa nee MacKenzie (d.1800) returned to her family near Inverness with her unborn child. A son, whom she named John after his father, was born early December 1746. To avoid identification as a Jacobite, she was persuaded by her family to drop the ‘t’ from her last name and to change the pronunciation to ‘Lancer’. With gold left by her husband and help from her family a small estate was purchased for the benefit of her son, who when he came of age became what was called a ‘bonnet laird’, a landowner who farmed his land himself rather than employing or renting out to others to do it.         Chapter 7, A Novel Encounter
circa 1775John Lancre (d.1818) married Isabel Gordon (d.1824). Their children: John b.1777 d 1784, Morag b.1779 (m Alexander Fraser), Ailsa b.1781 (m James Chisholm), William b. 1783 (m.?), John b.1786, Isabel b.1787 (m. Fergus Macaskill), Elizabeth b.1790 d.1795 and Arabella b.1793 (m. William MacNeil)     Chapter 7, A Novel Encounter
1809William (Willie) Lancre goes to the Americas with the army and never returns. Known to have married the daughter of a German immigrant in New York state and moved west.    Chad, S2/E15Chapter 7, A Novel Encounter
1810John Lancer b.1786 marries Ellen MacKinnon b.1790, daughter of Murdoch and Margaret MacKinnon. Their children: John (Jock) b.1812, Margaret (Maggie) b.1815, Murdoch b.1817 and Isabel b. & d.1820   Chapter 1, From Highlands
1826John Lancer b.1786 killed trying to rescue a steer. Chapter 3, Bonnie Prince Charlie; Like Father, Like Son, 2014
1834Murdoch starts as assistant factor.   Chapter 1, From Highlands
1835Murdoch rescues a bull calf, which he names Bonnie Prince Charlie, and comes to a profitable arrangement with the local laird.   Chapter 3, Bonnie Prince Charlie
1839Margaret (Maggie) Lancer m. Robert (Rob) McInnes Chapter 1, From Highlands; Chapter 12 Season of Goodwill
1841Murdoch takes over as factor. Chapter 1, From Highlands
February/March, 1842  Murdoch farewells his family in Inverness.The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 1 From Highlands; An Early Christmas Present, 2013; Like Father Like Son, 2014.
1842Murdoch sails from Greenock to Boston on the Duchess of Argyle. Chapter 2, All at Sea
1842Murdoch meets Ben Telford on the voyage to America.   Chapter 2, All at Sea; Past Imperfect, 2014
March/April, 1842Ellen Euphemia McInnes, b. Inverness, Scotland, daughter of Rob and Maggie McInnes Chapter 12, Season of Goodwill
March/April, 1842Murdoch’s successor as factor, Angus Cameron and his daughter Elspeth arrive in Inverness.   Chapter 12, Season of Goodwill
Mid-April, 1842Murdoch arrives in Boston. Chapter 4, In America Now
April, 1842Murdoch meets bank manager Douglas Muir, who gives him the details of three potential investors. Chapter 4, In America Now
April-May, 1842Murdoch stays at Matilda Merriweather’s boarding house where he first meets Jim Harper.  Juniper’s Camp, S1/E21Chapter 4, In America Now;
April, 1842Murdoch meets land agents George W. Burke and his son Alfred. Chapter 5, The Business of Land
April, 1842Murdoch meets Beth McIntyre and Catherine Garrett. Chapter 6, A Series of Meetings; Circumstances, 2015; the Eliot Series 2014-
April, 1842Murdoch meets lawyer James McIntyre.   Chapter 6, A Series of Meetings
April, 1842Murdoch meets with three possible investors: Edgar Harraway, George Muller and Harlan Garrett. His interest in Catherine Garrett upsets her father. Chapter 6, A Series of Meetings
April-May, 1842Murdoch courts Catherine Garrett. Chapter 7, A Novel Encounter; Chapter 8, Common Ground; Chapter 9, Boston Times
May, 1842Murdoch secures George Muller as an investor.   Chapter 9, Boston Times
May, 1842Murdoch departs with Alfred Burke aboard the Mary Ann to California via the Isthmus of Panama. Chapter 10, Letters to Catherine
11 June, 1842Murdoch disembarks from the barque, Artemis, in Monterey, the capital of California, then part of Mexico. Chapter 10, Letters to Catherine
June, 1842Murdoch becomes a citizen of Mexico. Chapter 10, Letters to Catherine
June, 1842Murdoch arrives with Alfred Burke at the Estancia Talavera in the San Joaquin Valley. Chapter 11, Early Days
Late June/early July, 1842Murdoch signs the sale and purchase agreement with Alfred Burke and the Estancia Talavera becomes the Estancia Lancer. He meets foreman Jose Ramos, vaquero Cipriano (canon) Ramirez, and housekeeper Estella Hernandez. Also Dons Allende, Caldera and Marques.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 11, Early Days; Past Imperfect, 2014
July, 1842John (Jock) Lancer m. Elspeth Cameron. Chapter 12, The Season of Goodwill; An Early Christmas Present, 2013; Like Father Like Son, 2014.
October, 1842Legally endorsed land deeds received. Chapter 12, The Season of Goodwill
December, 1842Purchase of Estancia Lancer confirmed as complete by James McIntyre and Associates.   Chapter 12, The Season of Goodwill
February, 1843Murdoch leaves California for Boston.  
Early March, 1843Murdoch arrives back in Boston aboard the clipper Sea Witch.   Chapter 13, Luck Run Out
March, 1843Harlan Garrett refuses to allow Murdoch to see Catherine and tries to undermine him financially. Murdoch is helped by Jim Harper.  Juniper’s Camp, S1/E21Chapter 13, Luck Run Out; Chapter 14 The Tide Turns; Chapter 15 The Great Escape
Late March, 1843Murdoch Lancer marries Catherine Garrett in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Chapter 16, Love and Honour
Late March, 1843Murdoch and Catherine Lancer depart Boston for California aboard the Amazonian.   Chapter 16, Love and Honour
Mid-May, 1843Murdoch and Catherine arrive at Lancer. Chapter 17, Good to be Home
27 May, 1843Murdoch arrives with his first cattle drive in Yerba Buena.   Chapter 17, Good to be Home
December, 1843Daniel Johnson brings his mail order bride, Sarah, from Rhode Island to Green River. Chapter 18, Catherine
1844-1846Bandits and Jud Haney and his highriders menace the San Joaquin Valley.  
16 Feb, 1844John Cameron Lancer born in Inverness, son of Jock and Elspeth Lancer. Chapter 18, Catherine
March, 1844Murdoch McKinnon retires.   Chapter 18, Catherine
Spring, 1844Beth McIntyre becomes engaged to Dr Robert Eliot and Ben Telford leaves Boston.   Chapter 18, Catherine
Summer, 1844Wedding of Angela Caldera Martinez to Capitán Diego Perez Rodrigues in San Joaquin Valley.   Chapter 18, Catherine
Late Summer, 1844Second child of Maggie and Rob McInnes born in Inverness. Chapter 18, Catherine
September, 1844Beth McIntyre marries Dr Robert Eliot in Boston. Chapter 18, Catherine
November, 1844Governor confirms no help from the Mexican government to help with the problem of bandits and Jud Haney.   Chapter 18, Catherine
April/May, 1845Catherine tells Murdoch she is expecting their first child – due early January 1946.   Chapter 19, Jud Haney
June, 1845Murdoch writes to Harlan Garrett and asks him to come and take Catherine back to Boston. Alfred Burke carries the letter. Chapter 19, Jud Haney
August, 1845Alfred Burke delivers Murdoch’s letter to Harlan Garrett.   Chapter 19, Jud Haney
December, 1845The barn is set on fire and Harlan Garrett arrives at Lancer.   Chapter 19, Jud Haney
19 December, 1845Scott Garrett Lancer born Carterville, California (about 2 am).Legacy S2/E10Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
20 December, 1845Catherine Lancer dies near Carterville, California (about 6am) and Paul O’Brien arrives at Lancer (at about 10am) with the news of Scott’s birth and Catherine’s danger. Murdoch away by 11am.Legacy S2/E10Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
21 December, 1845Murdoch shoots bushwhacker Joel Deegan in the afternoon and arrives in Carterville (about 7 pm) to find Catherine was buried that morning (about 11 am).  Legacy S2/E10Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
22 December, 1845Murdoch visited Catherine’s grave and left for Yerba Buena.   Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
23 December, 1845Murdoch reaches Yerba Buena (about 4 pm) in pursuit of his son and Harlan Garrett.   Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
24 December, 1845Scott and his grandfather sail for Boston aboard the Charleston.   Chapter 20, God Giveth and…
25 December, 1845Murdoch and maid Maria spend a wet Christmas Day in Yerba Buena.   Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
26-27 December, 1845Murdoch and maid Maria travel to Carterville.   Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
28 December, 1845Murdoch goes back to Devil’s canyon leaving Maria at Carterville, but returns after finding no one and no body.  Legacy S2/E10Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
29 December, 1845Murdoch and maid Maria go to Sutter’s Fort.   Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
31 December, 1845 Just before midnightMurdoch arrives back at Lancer with maid Maria. Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
Late January/February1846Murdoch threatens to kill Jud Haney if he ever sees him again.Yesterday’s Vendetta, S1/E16Chapter 21, Grief and Anger
10 February, 1846Robert McIntyre Eliot (Bobby) born in Boston.   Chapter 22, Revival; the Eliot Series
Second quarter 1846Mexican soldiers encamp in the San Joaquin Valley.   Chapter 22, Revival
13 May, 1846US Congress declares war against Mexico.  
15 June, 1846Sonoma Revolt—California Republic declared (lasted 26 days). Chapter 22, Revival
7 July, 1846US ships occupied Monterey. US Navy Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States during the Mexican-American War.    
9 July, 1846US Navy Captain John Berrien Montgomery and US Marine Second Lieutenant Henry Bulls Watson of the USS Portsmouth took over Yerba Buena and San Francisco Bay.    
31 July, 1846Yerba Buena doubled in population when 240 Mormon migrants arrived from the East coast.    
13 August, 1846US marines took over Los Angeles (largest town in California with a population of 3,500).    
September, 1846Californio revolt in Los Angeles.    
Late October, 1846Murdoch leaves with Jay McKillen for the Colorados.  The Great Humbug, S1/E20Chapter 22, Revival
Winter 1846-1847Donner Party tragedy  
19 December, 1846Scott’s first birthday Chapter 23, Reunion
13 January 1847Treaty of Cahuenga—hostilities between Mexico and USA ceased.   Chapter 23, Reunion
Late January, 1847Shoshone attack Jay McKillen and Murdoch’s camp in the Colorados.  The Great Humbug, S1/E20Chapter 22, Revival
30 January, 1847Yerba Buena renamed to San Francisco.   Chapter 23, Reunion
September, 1847Cipriano Ramirez Cruz marries Maria Hernandez Moreno at Morro Coyo. Chapter 23, Reunion
October, 1847Eduardo Hernandez (husband of Estella and father of Maria) is killed.   Chapter 23, Reunion
18 December, 1847Murdoch arrives back in Boston. Chapter 23, Reunion
December, 1847 (the week before Scott’s birthday)Catherine Elizabeth Eliot (Katie) is born in Boston. Chapter 23, Reunion; Past Imperfect, 2014 and other stories in the Eliot Series, 2015
19 December, 1847Scott’s second birthday Chapter 23, Reunion
23 January, 1848Baptism of Catherine Elizabeth Eliot, Boston   Chapter 23, Reunion; the Eliot Series, 2014-
24 January, 1848Murdoch leaves Boston for California Chapter 23, Reunion
24 January, 1848Gold discovered in the American River at Sutter’s Mill, New Helvetia, California (Now Coloma near Sacramento)   Chapter 26, Discovery
2 February, 1848Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in Mexico City ends the Mexican-American War and cedes territories to the USA: Alta California; Texas; Arizona; New Mexico; Utah; Nevada; and parts of Colorado, Wyoming and Kansas. Residents of those territories automatically become American citizens. Chapter 24, Matamoros
February, 1848Murdoch arrives injured in Matamoros, Mexico after his ship the Cassandra is wrecked in a storm, and he meets Maria.   Chapter 24, Matamoros
March, 1848San Francisco newspaper publisher and merchant Samuel Brannan publicises the discovery of gold and the Californian Gold Rush truly begins. (See ‘Californian’, 15 March 1848.)   Chapter 26, Discovery
Late April, 1848Murdoch marries Maria in Matamoros.The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter25, New Beginning
Late May, 1848Murdoch and Maria arrive back at Lancer.   Chapter25, New Beginning
June – December, 1848Maria struggles to settle in at Lancer. Chapter 26, Discovery
19 August, 1848‘New York Herald’ publishes the news of gold in California. Chapter 26, Discovery
5 December, 1848US President James Polk confirms to Congress the discovery on gold in California. Chapter 26, Discovery
23 December, 1848John Tomàs Lancer born at Estancia Lancer, near Morro Coyo, San Joaquin Valley, California. Chapter 27, December 23rd
1849Murdoch and Maria learn to be parents.The Lawman S1/E5Chapter 28, Surprising Developments
1849Cattle prices skyrocket and Murdoch pays his foremen a bonus.Chapter 28, Surprising Developments
Early 1849G.W. Burke and Sons open a branch in San Francisco, and Alfred and Charlotte Burke move their family from Boston to San Francisco.  Chapter 28, Surprising Developments; Past Imperfect, 2014
Mid 1849James McIntyre and Associates open offices in San Francisco, and Will and Anne McIntyre move with their family from Boston to San Francisco.Chapter 28, Surprising Developments; Past Imperfect, 2014
May/June, 1849Johnny learns to crawl. Chapter 28, Surprising Developments
September, 1849Ball in San Francisco:  Murdoch buys jewellery and a grandfather clock from Greenspan’s Jewellery Store, Murdoch puts his back out, and Murdoch and Maria meet Thurston Cole.  The Little Darling of the Sierras S2/E12; Devil’s Blessing S1/E26.  Chapter 29, The Boom
23 December, 1849Johnny’s first birthday and the first time he kisses a girl. Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
25 December, 1849The only real Christmas Murdoch, Maria and Johnny spend together. Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
1850-1851San Jose acts as capital of California. 
January, 1850Murdoch travels to Sonora in Mexico to buy some breeding cattle from his friend Juan Contanado. Paul O’Brien is blinded temporarily.Death Bait, S1/E14Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
Spring, 1850Rustling and stage coach robberies increase. Jud Haney is thought to be among those responsible.Yesterday’s Vendetta, S1/E16Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
Spring/Summer, 1850Maria faces increased bigotry Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
Summer, 1850Thurstan Cole arrives in Green River.   Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
9 September, 1850California achieves statehood. 
Autumn, 1850US Deputy Marshall Joe Barker arrives in the San Joaquin Valley in pursuit of Jud Haney.The Lawman S1/E5; Yesterday’s Vendetta, S1/E16Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
November, 1850The bloomer incident Chapter 30, Ups and Downs
November, 1850Murdoch goes back to Boston to fetch Scott.   Chapter 31, One Down
17 December, 1850Murdoch arrives in Boston. Harlan Garrett leaves a message that it is not convenient to have him stay. He is invited to stay with the Eliot family.   Chapter 31, One Down; Past Imperfect, 2014
19 December, 1850Scott’s fifth birthday. Murdoch finds out at the party that Harlan Garrett will not let his grandson go without a fight.  Legacy S2/E10Chapter 31, One Down
1851Board of California Land Commissioners established and all holders of Spanish and Mexican land grants had to prove their ownership under U.S. law.  
January, 1851Murdoch leaves Boston for California without Scott.   Chapter 31, One Down
January, 1851Paul O’Brien marries Angel Day in SacramentoAngel Day and her Sunshine Girls, S1/E19Chapter 32, Two to Go
February, 1851Murdoch arrives back at Lancer.   Chapter 32, Two to Go
May, 1851Cattle drive to San Francisco and Murdoch visits San Jose, staying with Cleve Harper, to lodge his claims with the Land Commission.  Glory, S1/E10Chapter 32, Two to Go
June, 1851Maria runs away with gambler Thurstan Cole, taking Johnny with her.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 32, Two to Go; The Beginning, 2013
July, 1851Eduardo Cipriano Ramirez Hernandez, son of Cipriano and Maria, born at the Estancia Lancer, near Morro Coyo.   Chapter 33, Gone But Not Forgotten
Late August, 1851Jud Haney is captured and Joe Barker leaves the San Joaquin Valley.  Yesterday’s Vendetta, S1/E16; The Lawman S1/E5Chapter 33, Gone But Not Forgotten
Autumn, 1851Marcy Adams and family moved to Green River.  The Prodigal, S1/E7Chapter 33, Gone But Not Forgotten
November, 1851 to February, 1852Murdoch tracks Maria and Johnny as far as El Paso del Norte. He meets Maria’s cousin, Luisa Flores, but returns to the ranch without finding his wife and son.Devil’s Blessing, S1/E26Chapter 34, Searching; Intervention, 2017; The Ring, 2019.
1852-1853Vallejo acts as capital of California. 
January, 1852Teresa Grace O’Brien is born at the Estancia Lancer, near Morro Coyo. Daughter of Paul and Angel O’Brien.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 34, Searching
Late February, 1852Murdoch becomes Teresa’s godfather and the O’Brien family move to Sacramento. Chapter 34, Searching
Spring, 1852Murdoch buys some new boots.   Chapter 35, Old Friends and New
Spring, 1852Henry and Aggie Conway move into the neighbourhood.  The Rivals, S2/E24Chapter 35, Old Friends and New
Spring, 1852Murdoch starts to go out with Marcy Adams. Chapter 35, Old Friends and New
Spring, 1852Cipriano replaces Paul as foreman Chapter 35, Old Friends and New
May, 1852Cattle drive to San Francisco Chapter 35, Old Friends and New
May, 1852Murdoch is reunited with his old friend, Ben Telford. Chapter 35, Old Friends and New;
Summer, 1852Murdoch fights over Marcy Adams with Charlie Dane.  The Prodigal, S1/E7Chapter 36, Women Troubles
September, 1852Murdoch visits Paul O’Brien after the cattle drive to Sacramento and discovers that Angel O’Brien has just run off with another man.   Chapter 36, Women Troubles
Late September, 1852Paul and Teresa O’Brien come back to live at Lancer.   Chapter 36, Women Troubles
Early November, 1852Ben Telford brings his family from St Louis to live in San Francisco and arrives at Lancer with some news.   Chapter 37, New Orleans; Past Imperfect, 2014
November, 1852Murdoch travels to New Orleans in search of Maria and Johnny. Chapter 37, New Orleans
December, 1852 to January, 1853Murdoch pursues Maria, Johnny and Cole from Louisiana to Matamoros and through Texas.   Chapter 38, The Chase
1853-1854Benicia acts as capital of California. 
February, 1853Dolph Cramer takes over as manager of the stagecoach office when Herbert Adams gets a transfer to Sacramento.  Goodbye Lizzie, S2/E23Chapter 39, Life Goes On
February, 1853Murdoch returns to the ranch without Maria and Johnny to find Harlan Garrett’s first annual report about Scott.   Chapter 39, Life Goes On
March, 1853Magdalena Hernandez is engaged to a vaquero from the Estancia Caldera. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
26 March, 1853Marcy Adams marries Charlie Dane in Sacramento.  The Prodigal, S1/E7Chapter 39, Life Goes On
April, 1853Murdoch receives news that his brother Jock and his wife Elspeth were expecting another child.   Chapter 39, Life Goes On; An Early Christmas Present, 2013
 Cipriano and Maria Ramirez announce they are expecting another child. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
1853Cattle prices begin to drop Chapter 39, Life Goes On
Early May, 1853Ben, Rachel, Jake and Andy Telford come to visit for two weeks. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
May, 1853Murdoch receives news that his sister Maggie and her husband Rob McInnes are expecting another child.   Chapter 39, Life Goes On
July, 1853Christopher Johnson is born in Green River, son of Daniel and Sarah. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
October, 1853Miguel Ramirez dies. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
Late November, 1853Murdoch goes searching again. Chapter 39, Life Goes On
1854Sacramento becomes the capital of California.  
February, 1854Murdoch returns from his search unsuccessful.   Chapter 39, Life Goes On
October, 1854José Ramos retires as foreman, and leaves Lancer to help his son Javier build his ranch.   Chapter 40, Changing Times
 Paul O’Brien becomes a foreman (Segundo) again.The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 40, Changing Times
28 January, 1855Murdoch MacKinnon, Murdoch’s maternal grandfather, died in Inverness, Scotland, aged 87.   Chapter 40, Changing Times
1855Dr George Owens marries Isabel. Chapter 40, Changing Times
Mid- 1855Murdoch receives sketches of Scott from Beth Eliot.   Chapter 40, Changing Times; Past Imperfect, 2014; The Visit, 2015
April, 1856Vallejo land near Spanish Wells confiscated for back taxes.  The Last Train for Charlie Poe, S1/E9Chapter 40, Changing Times
August, 1856Don Frederigo Caldera gives up some of his land to the American government rather than pay the taxes. Chapter 40, Changing Times
1857Murdoch receives the patent for the bulk of his land from the Land Commission. Don Frederigo also receives the patent for the remainder of his land and puts it up for sale.   Chapter 40, Changing Times
November, 1857Lancer’s rejected land claims are re-submitted to the Land Commission with their improved survey reports.   Chapter 40, Changing Times
1857Butterfield stagecoach line (Overland Mail Company) starts operations: twenty-five days to go from San Francisco to St Louis. Chapter 40, Changing Times
Early 1858Paul O’Brien starts the myth that Angel is dead and Teresa starts to put flowers on a grave.  Angel Day and her Sunshine Girls, S1/E19Chapter 41, Staying Silent
May, 1858Chickenpox epidemic and Christopher Johnson loses his hearing.   Chapter 41, Staying Silent; A Manner of Speaking, 2018.
November, 1858The Johnson family move from Green River to Hartford, Connecticut. Chapter 41, Staying Silent; A Manner of Speaking, 2018.
October, 1859Murdoch heads to Abilene (Mud Creek), Kansas in search of Johnny and Maria. He is reunited with Joe Barker and meets Nate Benedict and George Cameron.The Lawman S1/E5; The Experiment, S2/E18; The Measure of a Man, S1/E25;Chapter 42, Abilene; The Beginning, 2013
November, 1859Murdoch meets Godfrey Evans in Mud Creek (Abilene).The Little Darling of the Sierras, S2/E12Chapter 43, The Grand Finale
January, 1860Murdoch fights Thurstan Cole in Abilene, but Cole gets away.   Chapter 43, The Grand Finale
1860Mud Creek, Kansas officially becomes Abilene Chapter 42, Abilene
1860On Henry Conway’s suggestion, Murdoch employs the Pinkerton agency to continue his search for Johnny.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1; The Rivals, S2/E24Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
1860Stagecoach robberies increase. Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
1860Dr Elijah Mort settles in Morro CoyoThe Splinter Group, S2/E19Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
September, 1860Murdoch attends the first annual Stock Agents Association auction in San Francisco. Also attending: Cleve Harper from San Jose, Donald Murphy, Clem Carvin and Tim Phillips. Murdoch buys a quit claim in Cabot Springs from Murphy.  Glory, S1/E10; The Prodigal, S1/E7: Shadow of a Dead Man, S2/E13Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
October, 1860Murdoch receives the first Pinkerton Report about Johnny Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports; The Beginning, 2013
January, 1861The annual report from Harlan Garrett tells Murdoch that Scott in interested in the current political and economic situation. Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
February, 1861Baltimore Plot, a conspiracy to assassinate President Lincoln, foiled by Allan Pinkerton.   Chapter 44, Robbery and Reports
12 April, 1861The American Civil Wars begins Chapter 45, Human and Mother Nature
12 April, 1861Dolph Cramer is arrestedGoodbye Lizzie, S2/E23Chapter 45, Human and Mother Nature
Late May, 1861Elizabeth and Jenny Cramer leave Green River to start a new life.Goodbye Lizzie, S2/E23Chapter 45, Human and Mother Nature; Boots and Bandits, 2020.
25 April-28 May, 1861Johnny attended the mission school in San Andres, Sonora.   Chapter 46, Loss; The Beginning, 2013
28 May, 1861Maria Lancer is killed by Thurstan Cole in San Andres, Sonora, Mexico and buried two days later.   Chapter 46, Loss; The Beginning, 2013
June, 1861Johnny goes with drover Abe Wainwright to a ranch in northern Arizona owned by Josef Heinemann.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age; The Beginning, 2013
24 October, 1861Transcontinental Telegraph completed    
December, 1861 to 1862The Great Flood Chapter 45, Human and Mother Nature
1862-1864Drought follows the flood in California. Chapter 46, Loss
April, 1862Johnny accompanies shootist Mac Dawson to Henderson in southern California. Dawson takes a job as sheriff and Johnny is employed as a shootist at the nearby Estancia Vargas. Chapter 49, Coming of Age; The Beginning, 2013
About September, 1862Harlan allows Scott to join the First Corps of Cadets, a militia group in Boston. Chapter 46, Loss
December, 1862 to July, 1863Vicksburg Campaign. Chapter 46, Loss
18 March, 1863Sheriff Mac Dawson is killed by a bank robber. Johnny shoots his killer dead and then begins the nomadic life of a pistolero with a gun for hire.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age; The Beginning, 2013
Easter, 1863Scott secretly enlists in the Union Army. He is brevetted as Second Lieutenant in the cavalry under Col. Grierson.   Chapter 46, Loss
17 April-2 May, 1863Grierson’s Raid Chapter 46, Loss
18 May-4 July, 1863Siege of VicksburgThe Escape, S1/E12Chapter 46, Loss
1863Scott is transferred to the Massachusetts 83rd serving under Major General Philip Sheridan. His rank of Second Lieutenant is confirmed.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 46, Loss
February, 1864Bob Eliot enlists in the Union Navy   Chapter 48, 1865
11 May, 1864Battle of Yellow Tavern Chapter 46, Loss
14 May, 1864Second Lieutenant Scott Lancer is captured by Confederate soldiers. He is eventually sent to Belle Isle Prisoner of War camp in Richmond, Virginia along with others from the 83rd.  The Escape, S1/E12Chapter 46, Loss
1864Acme Railroad constructs a spur within thirty miles of Lancer.  The Rivals, S2/E24Chapter 46, Loss
3 August, 1864Thurston Cole is shot dead by Johnny Madrid in the Silver Dollar Saloon, Santa Fe, New Mexico.   Chapter 46, Loss; Chapter 50, Worsening Times; The Beginning, 2013; Hate, 2016.
January,1865Murdoch travels to Mexico to exchange bulls with his friend Juan Contanado and to visit San Andres, Sonora where Maria died and was buried. Chapter 46, Loss; The Beginning, 2013; Hate, 2016.
February, 1865Murdoch meets Zhang Longwei and together they survive the badlands. Chapter 47, Longwei: Beautiful Wind, 2013
3 April, 1865Liberation of Richmond and the prisoners in Belle Isle Prison.   Chapter 48, 1865
9 April, 1865Confederate General Lee surrendered to Union General Grant at the Appomattox Court House. Chapter 48, 1865
15 April, 1865President Abraham Lincoln was shot dead in Washington, D.C. Chapter 48, 1865
9 May, 1865American Civil War officially declared to be over.   Chapter 48, 1865
Late June, 1865Murdoch finally gets news from Harlan Garrett of Scott’s release from Belle Isle Prison.   Chapter 48, 1865
Late June, 1865Estella Hernandez retires and her daughter, Maria Ramirez, takes over as the Hacienda Lancer’s housekeeper.   Chapter 48, 1865
Late June, 1865Murdoch writes to Robert and Beth Eliot in the hope they will have more news of Scott, and he again commissions the Pinkerton Agency to search for Johnny.   Chapter 48, 1865
Early July, 1865Henry Conway dies at his ranch near Green River.  The Rivals, S2/E24Chapter 48, 1865
Mid 1865Dr Robert Eliot reports to Murdoch on Scott’s condition.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
September, 1865Bob Eliot starts at the U.S. Naval Academy.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
Late 1865Jeremiah Kingsley re-employed as Scott’s tutor.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
November, 1865The Land Commission issues the last of the patents for Lancer.   Chapter 48, 1865
November, 1865Will McIntyre visits the ranch and presents Murdoch with a map of Lancer.   Chapter 48, 1865
December, 1865Godfrey and Annabel Evans visit Lancer with their daughter Penny-Rose.The Little Darling of the Sierras, S2/E12Chapter 48, 1865
1866-Many ranchers forced off their land by legislation, flood, drought and debt. Land is subdivided or big corporations take over.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
Mid-Late 1866Mark Twain tours California and Murdoch and Aggie go to hear him speak.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
October, 1866Murdoch receives the Pinkerton Agency’s first annual report with a hopeful lead   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
December, 1866Teresa O’Brien goes to her first public dance in Morro Coyo.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
19 December, 1866Scott turns 21 and Murdoch sends him a telegram.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
January, 1867Harlan Garrett sends Murdoch his final annual report.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
February, 1867Bob Eliot asks Scott how he feels about Murdoch.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age; Circumstances, 2015; Past Imperfect, 2014
1867Lancer starts to use barbed wire, and begins work on a road to Spanish Wells.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
July, 1867Murdoch pays his taxes and reads a dime novel about Johnny Madrid.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age
August, 1867Murdoch receives the Pinkerton Report that tells him his son is Johnny Madrid.   Chapter 49, Coming of Age;  Chapter 50, Worsening Times
February, 1868Death of Murdoch’s mother, Ellen Lancer nee MacKinnon in Inverness, Scotland.Chapter 50, Worsening Times
March, 1868Annabel Evans dies of scarlet fever.The Little Darling of the Sierras, S2/E12Chapter 50, Worsening Times
April, 1868Murdoch receives a photograph of his mother with his brother Jock and family (wife Elspeth and children: Cam, Bella, Nell, Angus and Jinny) along with the memorial card for Ellen Lancer. Chapter 50, Worsening Times
1868Catherine Johnson, daughter of Daniel and Sarah Johnson in Hartford, Connecticut is now working as a nurse.   Chapter 50, Worsening Times
June, 1868Bob Eliot graduates from the U.S. Naval Academy.   Chapter 50, Worsening Times
1868Beth and Katie Eliot are active in the women’s suffrage movement.   Chapter 50, Worsening Times; Eliot Series, 2014—
September, 1868Jamie Eliot starts at the Harvard School of Medicine.   Chapter 50, Worsening Times
September, 1868Another Pinkerton Report arrives.   Chapter 50, Worsening Times
1868Land piracy becomes a problem again. Chapter 50, Worsening Times
1869The name of Day Pardee becomes well-known in connection with the increasing land piracy.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times; Day Pardee, 2014
Spring, 1869The San Joaquin Valley branch of the Cattle Growers Association request a U.S. Marshall to be sent to deal with the highriders, but none are available. Chapter 50, Worsening Times
10 May, 1869The Transcontinental Railroad is completed. 
Mid 1869Murdoch writes to Joe Barker, offering him some of Lancer if he will come and fight for it. He receives no reply.  The Lawman S1/E5Chapter 50, Worsening Times
November, 1869Day Pardee and one of his men steal a prize stallion from Lancer.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times
November, 1869Day Pardee murders Paul O’Brien in Morro Coyo and shoots Murdoch, leaving him severely injured.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times
December, 1869Teresa O’Brien moves into the hacienda as Murdoch’s ward.      The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times; A Tale of Four Stockings, 2014
December, 1869Murdoch engages the Pinkerton Agency to deliver messages to his sons, offering $1,000 each for an hour of their time.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times
January, 1870Murdoch receives a formal letter from Scott agreeing to come to Lancer.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times
February, 1870Murdoch receives word from the Pinkerton Agency that their agent rescued Johnny Madrid from a Mexican firing squad and delivered his message. Johnny has said he would come.    The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 50, Worsening Times; What I? 2013
February/March, 1870Scott and Johnny arrive at Lancer.The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 51, Highriders
February/March, 1870Day 1: Murdoch, Scott and Johnny meet. A corn field is burned by highriders.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 51, Highriders
February/March, 1870Day 2: Johnny goes into Morro Coyo alone and meets with Day Pardee. Scott and Teresa go into Morro Coyo together, and Scott has a fight with Pardee’s men. Vaquero Gaspar Mendez and his wife Maria are murdered by Day Pardee and his men. Scott and the Lancer vaqueros ride out in pursuit of Pardee’s gang. Johnny refuses to go with them, but leaves the ranch. He later appears to join Pardee.  The Homecoming (Pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 51, Highriders; Day Pardee, 2014
February/March, 1870Day 3: Scott and the Lancer vaqueros return to Lancer to prepare for an assault by Pardee and his men. Johnny attempts to kill Day Pardee in a one-on-one gunfight, but they are interrupted by Coley, one of Pardee’s men. Johnny kills Coley and gets away, leading the highriders towards Lancer shooting so that the ranch is warned of their approach. Johnny is shot. Scott shoots and kills Day Pardee.The Homecoming (pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 51, Highriders
March, 1870Murdoch, Scott and Johnny sign the contract that makes them partners.  The Homecoming (pilot)/ The Highriders, S1/E1Chapter 51, Highriders
April, 1870Murdoch and his sons rescue Ben Wallis when he runs off to meet his outlaw father, Morgan Price.  Blood Rock, S1/E2Chapter 52, To Homecoming
May/June, 1870Day 1: Murdoch gives Johnny his grandfather’s watch; Johnny catches a wild stallion; cattle get through the unfinished fence in the south gully; Johnny shoots Eli Stryker; Johnny leaves Lancer with Wes; Johnny sells the watch to the liveryman  To Chase A Wild Horse, S1/E3Chapter 52, To Homecoming;
May/June, 1870Day 2: Eli Stryker  dies; Scott finds Johnny in a nearby town, but he refuses to come home; Wes is killed by the stallion; Samuel and Davy Stryker and their men stake out the hacienda; Scott returns to Lancer; Scott is grazed by a bullet; Johnny returns to the ranch; final confrontation with the Strykers; acknowledgement of the true homecoming.To Chase A Wild Horse, S1/E3Chapter 52, To Homecoming

2 thoughts on “From Highlands to Homecoming: Chapter Notes, Bibliography and Timeline by Margaret P.

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